The Alexis de Tocqueville

Center for Political and Legal Thought

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Prof. Zbigniew Rau

Prof. Rau

“Unfortunately, it appears that Tocqueville was right. Our society’s attitudes and practices show, that in mass democracy overcoming the so called ‘new despotism’ by practicing civil freedom seems to be possible, but not very probable”.

Dr Marek Tracz-Tryniecki


“It seems, that probably the best way to verify legitimacy of a given doctrine is to observe the results of its practical implementation in the life of the society. From the perspective of this criterion, Alexis de Tocqueville’s thought must awaken interest, for it has a special place in the history of political and legal doctrines, which so often turns out to be the history of “brilliant mistakes”. Thanks to his sober view on reality, very often his opinions not only have stood the test of time, but also over a span of nearly two centuries have proved to be even more accurate”.

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